Frances Mary Holford Hardman (née McMahon), born 1867
1888: Thomas McMahon's daughter, Frances Mary Holman McMahon (named after her mother who probably died in child birth) married John Wreford Julian Hardman (born January 1863) in Kensington in 1888 when she was aged 21.
I found this rather faded, damaged and bent small photo (shown full size on the left) in an old envelope of transfer prints of the McMahon family still held by Brenda Whitmore [nee Bancroft], the step granddaughter of Sir Horace McMahon. I managed to clean up the photo using Photoshop after scanning at 400dpi. The seated gentleman third from the right is definitely Horace and I estimate that this sepia family photo dates from around 1897-8. We have no other evidence of who the other people in the photo are, but I am confident that the woman seated on the left is his sister, Frances Mary Hardman (née McMahon), the young girl is her daughter Frances and the boy is Frederick McMahon Hardman. The standing man could be John Wreford Julian Hardman, Frances's husband. We are not sure who the girl standing on the right is - she maybe a nanny or J W J Hardman's sister?
The reason we are confident is because there was no other McMahon sibling with children at this date (or any other) so we are confident that this attribution is correct though I will never be able to prove it unless I can turn up other photos. They also look very much like brother and sister!
1891: According to the 1891, Frances (aged 24) and John were listed as living in Stirling house in Alexander Road in Farnborough - together with six servants. Living at 5 Stirling Villas was Sir Thomas McMahon's gardener, George Marshall.
John hardman was born January 1863, educated at Harrow, and entered the 6th Dragoons August 1885, being transferred to the 1st Dragoons October 1885...
1895: The London Gazette, 8 January 1895, Francis Yorke McMahon had resigned an appointment in the 1st Dragoons and and J W J Hardman was promoted to Captain. The following announcement was found in the London Gazette:
Note: It is an interesting fact that through this announcement we realised that J W J Hardman actually knew General Sir Thomas McMahon's son (now his brother in law) , Francis York McMahon. Francis committed suicide two years later in 1897.
Captain Hardman held the post of adjutant to his regiment from December 1894, to December 1898, and was appointed Recruiting Staff Officer (Class II) London Recruiting District, May 1899, which appointment he held till October when he rejoined his regiment in order to proceed to South Africa.
He then served with the Natal Field Force in Boer war and was present at the battle of Colenso (15th December 1899) and the relief of Ladysmith (2nd November 1899 to 27th February 1900).
1900: Unfortunately, John Hardman died of enterec (typhoid) fever in the The Princess Christian Hospital at Pinetown Bridge in Natal South Africa in the Boer war on May 30th 1900 aged 37. According to the link below, only 19 died in the hospital.
I was searching the Internet looking for anything about JWJ Hardman and after typing 'Princess Christian Hospital' into Goggle I was amazed to see a picture of a memorial to him in South Africa in the St John's churchyard, Pinetown . I sent an email to the church and was rewarded with a long phone call where we talked about the Boer war and the hospital and a promise that Rob Niemeyer would send me some photos of JWJ's grave. The photos duly arrived and I can't thank Rob enough.
1901: By the 1901 census Frances and her two daughters were living in Kent.
After WWI Frances was living at The Lattice House (Castleton) Sherborne, Dorset.
1926: Frances Mary Holford
died on the 18th June 1926 in Sherborne district aged 59.
Frances and John had three children:
Frances Juliet Hardman (Daughter, born in 1889)
The photo above is another very interesting negative obtained from Mrs Brenda Whitmore, the granddaughter of Horace McMahon by marriage. Although we have no 'hard evidence' we believe that that this photo shows Prince Alexander Gagarine (middle back), Aubrey Annie Hardman (second from right at the back) and Frances Juliet Hardman (back far right). The person in the deckchair is definitely Primrose Bancroft, step daughter of Sir Horace McMahon. There is also a similar photograph that includes Sir Horace McMahon sitting in the deckchair -shown on the left.
We do not know who the other two men standing and the couple sitting down with the baby are.
Of course, this could all be incorrect!
1925: Mr E J Luxford travelled out to Mozambique as a missionary on the steamship Guildford Castle leaving on 23rd April 1925. According to his obituary states that he was ordained in 1925.
1927: The first mention of 'Juliet' Hardman was in the Times in 1927 when she attended the funeral of her aunt Frances (sister of her father J W J Hardman) in Lynton, Devon.
1928: According to passenger records on the Kildonan Castle (click on picture to enlarge) www.findmypast.com, Frances Juliet Hardman aged 39 was listed as being on a "Universities' Mission to Central Africa" (UMCA) - for permanent residence in South Africa. The Reverend B. Higgins accompanied her. (There is also an Archdeacon Hallett on the ship).
Note: Her father was buried in South Africa and she is emigrating two years after her mother died. It is interesting to conjecture whether Frances visited her father's grave in Pinetown, one can only suppose she did - I hope so...
1933: Frances got married in Nyasaland (now known as Malawi) to Edward Luxford.
This is interesting if you consider: "The Universities Mission to Central Africa (UMCA) would only accept single people to work in their society for they discovered the value of staff who were not limited by family ties and who because they were free, could easily be moved from one station to another with ease. They could also live on less pay."
1934: According to on-line BT phonebooks and his obituary, E T P Luxford was back in the UK living in Gillingham before moving to The Vicarage in Moorlynch [Moorlinch] in 1938. We later discovered him living (at least he had a phone number) in Sutton in 1934, the year after marrying Frances.
1964: Frances's husband Edward died aged 63 in Moorlinch in Somerset in 1964 and was cremated.
According to his obituary in the 14th August 1964 Yeovil edition of the Western Gazette, Edward Luxford returned to the UK in 1934 as we suspected. More importantly, the obituary stated that he "left a wife" who we assume to be Frances!
1974: Further investigation shows that Frances died aged 85 in Brighton 1974:
Frances moved from Somerset to Brighton which is where her sister Aubrey Annie Hardman lived as well (or vice versa). I wonder if they lived together at the Woodmanscote address as shown in Aubrey Annie Hardman section below.
Further research has shown that Frances could have moved to Terry's Cross, a home for retired clergy in Woodmancote, West Sussex. This is likely as this is the address used by her sister Aubrey when she died in 1981.
Indeed, a visit to to Terry's Cross elicited that both Frances and Aubrey, her sister, both lived at 2 Gatehouse after the death of their husbands until they died. Frances was cremated and Aubrey was buried at the local church - see below. A retired warder remembered them both very well. It's pleasing to find out that they shared the same house for the latter part of their lives.
Note: When time permits, I may study the records of the "Universities' Mission to Central Africa" (UMCA) held in the Bodleian library in Oxford to see if I can find any further information about Frances while she was in South Africa.
1912: Frederick was promoted to be a Second Lieutenant (on probation)
1914: Frederick was confirmed as Second Lieutenant
October 14th 1914: This looks to be one of Frederick's final letters as he was killed within two weeks of quickly writing this letter. It is scribbled on a piece of notebook paper in pencil.
October 25th 1914: In reply to the above letter, J.M. Keynes wrote a long letter. I will only quote the the first paragraph here as it is so poignant in the fact that it was returned unopened and marked 'Killed' on the 25th October 1914.
1914: Frances's only son Freddy, Frederick McMahon Hardman - born 1890 - was killed on the 27th October 1914 in the first World War aged 24.
"Second lieutenant 4th Battalion, The Royal Fusiliers. 3rd Division. Killed in action near Neuve Chapelle 29 October 1914. Aged 24. Son of Captain J.W.J. Hardman (Late 1st Royal Dragoons) and Mrs Frances Hardman of ‘The Lattice House” Sherborne, Dorset. Included on the Town War Memorial, Sherborne".
Here is the Commonwealth War Graves Commission record. Frederick's memorial is on Panel 6 of the Le Touret Memorial.
There is a King's College obituary in the 1914 annual report (Thanks: Kings College archivist)
"Frederick McMahon Hardman, Scholar, 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers, was killed in Action on October 25-27, while leading his men in street-fighting: he was aged 24 years. He was the son of Captain Hardman of the Royal Dragoons, who fell [this is crossed out and annotated 'died from enteric fever'] in the Boer War. Admitted Scholar from Eton in 1909 he took his degree in the Classical Tripos, Part I, in 1912, and obtained a 1st Class. In the following year he took the 2nd part of the Economics Tripos and was placed in the 1st Division of the 2nd Class. He joined the Special Reserve of the Royal Fusiliers in 1912. His friends in the College, and they were many, both old and young, hoped and expected for him a useful and distinguished career, and though these hopes have been frustrated by his early death, they cherish the memory of a loveable nature, a fresh and independent mind, a delightful and engaging personality."
Nov. 9th 1914: Letter from Frances Hardman to John Maynard Keynes (the brilliant and original economist whose ideas later became known as 'Keynesian' economics) in August 1914 in the King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge. Note: In World War I the Sherborne Castle house was used by the Red Cross as a hospital for wounded soldiers, so the use of headed paper probably means that Frances was working there during the war.
1927: In 1927 Aubrey Annie Hardman married Prince Alexander Gagarine in Nice.
1939: In 1939 Alexander and Aubrey went to the USA on the S.S. Conti de Savoia where we assume she stayed for the duration of the war although they say they were only intending to stay for six months (click to see the passenger list) (Note: there are no children accompanying Alexander and Aubrey, this would suggest that they had no children) (Picture credit: http://www.ayrshirescotland.com/ ).
1966: Alexander died in Canne in 1966:
We are not yet sure when Aubrey returned to the United Kingdom, as she did not seem to have a BT telephone number unfortunately.
1982: Princess Aubrey died on 24th September 1981 aged 87:
We are not sure whether Aubrey had any children as she was living in France. Also, her will did not mention any children.